1. Addressing Cyber Fundamentals

Hold agencies accountable to NIST Cybersecurity Framework

The NIST Cybersecurity Framework (CSF) did a great job describing what is needed to have a good cyber security posture, but it leaves you hanging on how do you do it; what are good practices; how do you measure it? To help assess the operational cyber defense posture of Department of Defense (DoD) systems, Office of Secretary of Defense (OSD), Director Operational Test and Evaluation (DOT&E) developed metrics using the... more »

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1. Addressing Cyber Fundamentals

1) How do we move from inconsistent security/privacy protection

This is the difference between thinking tactically and thinking strategically. If you are thinking tactically, your to-do list is endless. There is always one more control to install, one more security practice to implement. There is no way to prioritize the workload or to measure your improvement. Security practitioners sprint from task to task putting out fires, never taking the time to build a program that can absorb... more »

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7. Executive Leadership-led Risk Management

NEWS FLASH America--CEOs & Sr Ldrs get FIRED over breaches

As enterprises strive to gain value by leveraging technology, the risk associated with digital business is increasing. Isolated approaches to information security, business continuity and incident response are a thing of the past; today, the urgency of providing continuously available services for customers and business partners in the digital economy requires enterprises to become resilient. A resilient enterprise protects... more »

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6. Solving the Talent Search

Change the paradigm-Invest in Cybersecurity Workforce Dev

Reports and articles keep surfacing on the issue of lacking cybersecurity talent in the federal government. Since 2010, little improvement has been seen regarding increased knowledge, skills, and abilities among the federal cybersecurity workforce. (Williams, 2015b).This can be attributed large to leadership failures across the agencies. Cybersecurity experts in the trenches, industrial organizational psychologists, and... more »

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5. Sharing of Threat Intelligence

Silos cripple information sharing--Mandate sharing

Threat data sharing or cybersecurity-related information sharing is essential to the protection of the federal government, other critical infrastructure sectors, and to furthering cybersecurity for the Nation. The government needs to set the global standard on establishing an environment that facilitates threat data information sharing, it still operates in silos. Action must be taken to arm stakeholders with needed information... more »

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4.Adopting a Threat-Aware Proactive Defense

Start with the Crown Jewels & Stop Spreading Peanut Butter

Currently, the government is still focused on perimeter defense will only a shallow defense-in-depth strategy. The problem centers on an enterprise architecture that is designed to usually protect the entire network at the same level, thus peanut butter spreading network defense resources. Agencies fail built a network defense strategy that focus on protecting their crown jewels, vulnerability reduction, and adversary... more »

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1. Addressing Cyber Fundamentals

Fundamentals of Security and Privacy start w/Risk Mitigation

Security/Privacy Protection Controls consistency is critical to mitigating organizational risk. Risk mitigation begins at the highest level of an organization. It is a combination of three key things—governance, accountability, and culture. Implementing an organizational governance process will bring myriad benefits, including lower costs, greater control, and overall increased efficiency and effectiveness. A benchmarked... more »

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8. Building Effective Security into Acquisitions

Supported ITAPS recommendations

(Regular print are supported ITAPS recommendations in response to questions, flagged are expanded recommendations to more explicitly address questions, not directly addressed by ITAPS; participated in and collaborated with ITAPS OMB-OPM-NSC Task Force) With the continued and growing dependence of the government on commercially provided IT services, what changes are needed to government acquisition policies and practices... more »

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7. Executive Leadership-led Risk Management

Supported ITAPS recommendations, part 2

Provide for the escalation of risk-based decisions through senior leadership if critical security recommendations are rejected by owners of business lines or applications, ensuring critical security decisions are not made in isolation. For example, decisions to keep critical systems available while overriding security recommendations should no longer be routinely deferred exclusively to network, system, or application... more »

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7. Executive Leadership-led Risk Management

Supported ITAPS recommendations

(Regular print are supported ITAPS recommendations in response to questions, flagged are expanded recommendations to more explicitly address questions, not directly addressed by ITAPS; participated in and collaborated with ITAPS OMB-OPM-NSC Task Force) How can we sustain executive-level attention to this critical issue, and institutionalize cyber as an on-going component of agency risk management practices, not just... more »

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5. Sharing of Threat Intelligence

Supported ITAPS recommendations

(Regular print are supported ITAPS recommendations in response to questions, flagged are expanded recommendations to more explicitly address questions, not directly addressed by ITAPS; participated in and collaborated with ITAPS OMB-OPM-NSC Task Force) How can agencies and industry implement and sustain threat data sharing and create a robust, timely and systemic sharing environment (more than just incidents) that can... more »

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4.Adopting a Threat-Aware Proactive Defense

Supported ITAPS recommendations

(Regular print are supported ITAPS recommendations in response to questions, flagged are expanded recommendations to more explicitly address questions, not directly addressed by ITAPS; participated in and collaborated with ITAPS OMB-OPM-NSC Task Force) How should the government expand beyond its emphasis on perimeter defense and even defense-in-depth, and instead put more relative resources toward combining actionable... more »

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3. Breach-to-Response Acceleration

Supported ITAPS recommendations

(Regular print are supported ITAPS recommendations in response to questions, flagged are expanded recommendations to more explicitly address questions, not directly addressed by ITAPS; participated in and collaborated with ITAPS OMB-OPM-NSC Task Force) How can agencies effectively address current time lags with detection of and response to vulnerabilities and threats that will significantly compress breach-to-detection-to-response... more »

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2. Business Initiated Vulnerabilities

Supported ITAPS recommendations

(Paragraphs preceded by [Non-ITAPS] are expanded recommendations to more explicitly address questions, not directly addressed by ITAPS; participated in and collaborated with ITAPS OMB-OPM-NSC Task Force) How can agencies sharpen focus on vulnerabilities created by (or exposed by) uninformed business/program users and the array of technology solutions embedded in service delivery that does not account for cyber? [Non-ITAPS]... more »

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5. Sharing of Threat Intelligence

"Skin in the Game”

A multifaceted approach of building trust, having “skin in the game” (“AntiFragile” - Taleb), incentives and penalties for both industry and government. It has to be made in the best interest of both “parties” to share threat intelligence. This coupled with a multifaceted approach of incentives, disincentives, non attribution, etc. Then you increase the probability that sharing will occur. The incentives for government... more »

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